This paper is a systematic review of published literatures used to uncover the current research investigating the tourism system in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) approach. The presented review identified relevant papers using the Dimensions database that is considered as the world’s largest linked research dataset. The study was anchored on system theory and Leiper’s tourism system model. Identifying the keywords and limits on the tourism system aspects, of the 946 articles found, 65 papers met the predefined inclusion criteria in the PRISMA checklist and other reasons with scholarly nature. The included papers were classified concerning the following dimensions: the source of publication, tourism system domain, and methodology. The reviewed articles focused on the five vital components of the tourism system during the COVID-19 pandemic: (1) Attraction; (2) Accessibility; (3) Accommodation; (4) Amenities; and (5) Activities. In order to present co-occurrences in topics and terms as well as frequency of publication sources the visualization of similarities (VOS) viewer software was used. The study showed the current topics that were clustered into six (6) by which the clusters on alternative forms of tourism and technology-driven tourism emerges on top. The results revealed a variety of research methods and approaches that have been used to investigate the tourism system at the time of the pandemic. The reported approaches include measuring the impact of Covid-19, developing scenario and modeling, and discussing resumption of activities in-pandemic and post-pandemic.
Enya Marie Apostol, Mindoro State University-Calapan City Campus, Philippines
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