Inside the Criminal’s Mind: An Investigation of the Factors that Lead to Criminal Behavior and the Motives of Convicted Criminals

Abstract

With the prevalence of crimes in the society, various researches about the origins of criminal behavior were already conducted. Yet, most of the studies conducted in the Philippines were quantitative, and focuses only to one cause of criminal behavior. Thus, this mixed method study was conducted to ascertain other factors that causes criminal behaviors as well as the motives of criminals for engaging into such behaviors. Short Dark Triad (SD3) was utilized to measure the criminals' level of psychopathy, narcissism, and machiavellianism. On the other hand, Crime and Violence Scale (CVS) was utilized to quantify criminal behavior. A Filipino translated version of these scales were used to make them more applicable to the Filipino population. A semi-structured interview was conducted to further discover the other factors and motives why a person becomes a criminal. After comparing the scores of the two scales, it was found out that there is no significant relationship between the dark triad of personality and criminal behavior. The findings of this study suggest that personality is not solely the main factor why a person would develop criminal behavior but there are other factors such as, unhealthy parenting, absence of parental figure, social influence, and  absence of fear towards God. Moreover, this study also concluded that crimes of passion, conflict, complicity and poverty were the main motives of convicted criminals. The results of this study would greatly benefit society because once the causes of criminal behavior is known, prevention of such behavior would be easier to address.



Author Information
Diane Angelika Nicole Novicio, University of Santo Tomas Graduate School, Philippines
Marie Antonette J. Sunga-Vargas, University of Santo Tomas Graduate School, Philippines

Paper Information
Conference: ACP2022
Stream: Qualitative/Quantitative Research in any other area of Psychology

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Posted by amp21