Will the Bow-Pulling Model Be Repeated? – Analysis of Cases of Reverse Culture Shock During Two Overseas Stays


The bow-pulling model assumes selective adaptation of culture, and assumes a reactionary psychological reaction that causes reverse culture shock after returning to Japan if it becomes familiar with the culture of the destination. In this study, we conducted an interview survey of two Japanese female college students who stayed abroad twice for study abroad or internship. We examined case-by-case whether the pattern of reverse culture shock after returning to Japan corresponds to the bow-pulling model and whether it is repeated as a stable characteristic. It was confirmed that a psychological burden occurred when some discontinuity occurred in culture and life and the person's response was unsuccessful. Initially, both participants corresponded to the bow-pulling model, but the second time they reacted differently. Informant P showed reverse culture shock and was interpreted as an alienation model that did not find peace in either culture, and Informant Q was interpreted as a bird's-eye view model that had a light reverse culture shock and objectively viewed both cultures. Reverse culture shock is caused by the interaction of internal factors such as dissonance of cultural values, with external factors such as lifestyle preferences and evaluation of the external environment, and is a negative view of the mother culture which is believed to strengthen the degree of shock. Hypothesis-generating research using qualitative psychology techniques, which interprets the process of reverse culture shock, is in the beginning stages, and it will likely be verified by studying a number of cases.

Author Information
Tomoko Tanaka, Okayama University, Japan

Paper Information
Conference: ACP2022
Stream: Qualitative/Quantitative Research in any other area of Psychology

This paper is part of the ACP2022 Conference Proceedings (View)
Full Paper
View / Download the full paper in a new tab/window

To cite this article:
Tanaka T. (2022) Will the Bow-Pulling Model Be Repeated? – Analysis of Cases of Reverse Culture Shock During Two Overseas Stays ISSN: 2187-4743 – The Asian Conference on Psychology & the Behavioral Sciences 2022 Official Conference Proceedings https://doi.org/10.22492/issn.2187-4743.2022.8
To link to this article: https://doi.org/10.22492/issn.2187-4743.2022.8

Comments & Feedback

Place a comment using your LinkedIn profile


Share on activity feed

Powered by WP LinkPress

Share this Research

Posted by James Alexander Gordon