The Indian Odd: Women’s Rising Education and Declining Workforce Participation


The disproportionate representation of women in labor as compared to their education is an Indian odd which will be examined in this study. Women are attaining higher education degrees at similar rates as men but hold a much lower track of considerable labor participation. Women constitute only 21% of the workforce as compared to 49% of total enrolment in higher education in India (AISHE,2020). This apparent paradox is result of a variety of factors where gender roles in society and discrimination at job work play its role interchangeably. However, no study so far has assessed the dynamics of personal and economic factors collectively. This study aims to address the gap in literature by collectively exploring the personal and economical determinants to explain the negative correlation between women’s education and their labor participation in India. The theories of human capital suggest that with more education, women acquire greater skills, and their earnings increase, resulting in higher labor force participation (Chattarjee, 2018). In India, counter-theoretical results from data deserve greater research attention than it has been given.This study will provide an acute test of personal and economic determinants affecting women’s labor force participation. It will establish new directions for future research that will explain the negative correlation between women’s labor participation and higher education in India.

Author Information
Gauri Khanna, OP Jindal Global University, India

Paper Information
Conference: IICE2022
Stream: Higher education

This paper is part of the IICE2022 Conference Proceedings (View)
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To cite this article:
Khanna G. (2022) The Indian Odd: Women’s Rising Education and Declining Workforce Participation ISSN: 2189-1036 – The IAFOR International Conference on Education – Hawaii 2022 Official Conference Proceedings
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon