In early times of the Japanese Colonial Period in Taiwan, in order to effectively control the Indigenous peoples and develop the mountains and forests, the Japanese adopted the governance strategy with both suppression and cultivation. In the governance measures of suppression and cultivation by the colonial government, the new medium introduced at the time, cinema, played extremely critical roles. By historical research, this study attempts to review the historical data and literatures of Taiwan in the Japanese Colonial Period when the colonial government governed the Indigenous peoples in order to reconstruct the movie activities and cultural experience of the Indigenous peoples of Taiwan at the time. This study is based on two dimensions. First, in the policy of cultivation, the colonial government introduced the change of the civilized world to the heads of the Indigenous peoples by tourism. These tourism activities were produced by films which were played in the tribes in order to introduce the advanced civilization out of the mountains and destroy their original view of the world. Secondly, in the policy of suppression, the colonial government presented of motion pictures of modern and advanced armed force when going to the tribes or during tourism activities. They also showed documentary films of the extensive military suppression on the Indigenous peoples in order to exaggerate the authority of government, frighten the Indigenous peoples and suppress their resistance. Finally, this study intends to reconstruct the colonial government’s ambition in cultural brainwashing through cinema, the modern, amazing and surprising new form.
Hsien-cheng Liu, Kun Shan University, Taiwan