This study aimed to investigate the cultural differences on creative mindset, passion towards smartphone use and well-being, as well as the relationships between these variables among college students in Taiwan and Australia. Participants were 136 college students from Taiwan and 135 from Australia. The employed instruments included Creativity Mindset Inventory (CMI), Inventory of Passion towards Smart Phones (IPSP), and the Inventory of Subjective Well-being (SWB). The CMI included four types of mindset: Growth-Internal control (GI), Growth-External control (GE), Fixed-Internal control (FI), and Fixed-External control (FE). The IPSP included four types of passion: Harmonious-Intrapersonal, Harmonious-Interpersonal, Obsessive-Intrapersonal, and Obsessive-Interpersonal. Pearson correlation analysis found that, for Taiwanese students, the mindsets of GI and GE were positively correlated and they were positively related to the passion of Harmonious-Intrapersonal, Harmonious-Interpersonal, and Obsessive-Interpersonal. In addition, the two types of growth mindsets and harmonious passions were negatively related to the two types of fixed mindsets. Finally, only GI was positively related to well-being. For Australian students, the mindsets of GI and GE were positively correlated and they were positively related to the passion of Harmonious-Intrapersonal and Harmonious-Interpersonal. In addition, GE was positively related to FI and the two types of obsessive passion. Finally, GI, FI, and the two types of harmonious passion were positively related to well-being. Regarding cultural difference, One-way ANOVA found that Taiwanese students had a lower level of FI, FE, and well-being, but a higher level of Harmonious-Intrapersonal passion than the Australian students. These findings reflect cultural similarities as well as differences.
Li-Jung Chien, National Chengchi University, Taiwan
Yu-chu Yeh, National Chengchi University, Taiwan
Hua-Chun Sun, UNSW Sydney, Australia
Yu-Shan Ting, National Chengchi University, Taiwan