Being fluent in English as a foreign language in Indonesia is not as easy as learning the language itself since English is not common to use in Indonesia. However, there are some Indonesian speakers who are able to speak English fluently. Considering cultural native background and the target language cultural background, it will create different types of politeness. However, several studies which have been conducted mostly focused on a specific situation in some countries, meanwhile this study focus on two different situations in Indonesia considering their different cultural native background. This study entitled “Analysing Politeness Changes when Speaking Indonesian and English: A Case Study of Indonesian- English Multilingual” is aimed to investigate their politeness changes when they speak English and Indonesian or native language. This study used qualitative research involving ten Indonesian speakers who speak English fluently with different cultural backgrounds. The sample was taken purposively in order to get the uniqueness. The data is collected based on observation, interview, and questionnaires. Observations were conducted in this study to investigate their interaction during community meetings and gathering for five meetings. An interview was also be conducted to find out their perception about their politeness changing. The questionnaires results were shown to see the differences between Indonesian bilingual and multilingual. The findings showed that their politeness changes in particular contexts. Therefore, it is suggested that if it is necessary, EFL speakers in Indonesia respect other cultures and values in order to have better communication.
Imelda Husein, Indonesia University of Education, Indonesia
Aceng Ruhendi Syaifullah, Indonesia University of Education, Indonesia
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