A Correlational Investigation into Sub-skills of Reading Comprehension: Evidence From Thai Reads

Abstract

A standardised test of English reading comprehension is typically well-constructed to permit a reliable classification of different achievers e.g., high, moderate and low. READS or Reading Evaluation and Decoding System is one of the tools used to trace the ESL Malaysian students’ reading comprehension abilities. The test system of READS had been designed to show the abilities of students in reading comprehension with three sub-skills, namely, literal, reorganisation and inferential. The sub-skills have been proved to have correlation with each other. However READS also has a strength to illustrate students’ abilities in each sub-skill with three levels of difficulty e.g., low, moderate, and high. The need to take a closer look at relationships in different levels of difficulty in each sub-skill is a missing gap the area of language assessment. With the functional availability in RAEDS, therefore, this study aims to investigate correlations of three levels of difficulty within each sub-skills. This research was conducted with 190 English-major undergraduate students at one public Thailand university in Bangkok. The main research instrument in this study is a test of READS with a cultural bias adaptation. The participants were asked to take and complete an online READS test in one hour. One of different sets of test had been assigned randomly to each participant. The Pearson correlation was the statistical technique in the SPSS program used to analyse the data. The results revealed that there were an insignificant correlation between the participants’ scores in three different levels of difficulty in literal and reorganisation sub-skills. It was found that only correlations between the participants’ scores across three levels of difficulty were statistically significant.



Author Information
Thapanee Khemanuwong, King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Thailand
Ekkapon Phairot, Songkhla Rajabhat University, Thailand
Kho Siaw Hui, Kuching District Education Office, Ministry of Education, Malaysia
Thanate Angsuwatanakul, Rangsit University, Thailand

Paper Information
Conference: IICEHawaii2021
Stream: Higher education

This paper is part of the IICEHawaii2021 Conference Proceedings (View)
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