Morality Analysis of Students According to Kohlberg and Lickona Theory


The study aims to find out the level of moral development of students according to Kohlberg and Lickona theory, and it was done at State Junior High School (JHS) 29 and State Junior High School (JHS) 9. The design of the research is descriptive qualitative research design, and the data collection is done through observation and in- depth interviews. In-depth interviews were conducted with students as the informants, teachers, and the Principal. The instruments of this research are interview guidance which was adopted from Kohlberg's theory and Lickona's theory. Both research instruments have been validated by an expert in the field of psychological research methods. Data validity is done by triangulation techniques (sources, data collection techniques, and time). The findings of the study are that the moral development level of students functions at a conventional level, with a higher score being in State Senior High School 9 students. The level of highest moral development (post-conventional), also appears more in State Senior High School 9 students. In general, the character and moral behaviour of students in both State Senior High School is classified as good with good moral knowledge and moral feeling (attitude) in the process of developing. A conducive school climate is an absolute prerequisite for achieving optimal moral development level. The method of teaching moral values and character in the classroom needs to be optimized by carrying out every single stage of the scientific approach in the 2013 Curriculum.

Author Information
Mary Monalisa Nainggolan, Universitas Kristen Indonesia, Indonesia
Lamhot Naibaho, Universitas Kristen Indonesia, Indonesia

Paper Information
Conference: OCE2020
Stream: Educational Research

This paper is part of the OCE2020 Conference Proceedings (View)
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To cite this article:
Nainggolan M., & Naibaho L. (2021) Morality Analysis of Students According to Kohlberg and Lickona Theory ISSN: 2436-1690 The Osaka Conference on Education 2020: Official Conference Proceedings
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon