Teaching Strategies Guidelines to Foster the Computational Thinking Ability in Higher Education

Abstract

The purpose of this research was to identify teaching guidelines to cultivate the computational thinking ability of higher education students. This qualitative research study focused on seven Thai instructors from public and private institutions (Chulalongkorn University, King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi, Kasetsart University, Silpakorn University, Assumption University, and Microsoft (Thailand) Limited). All instructors have had teaching experiences in universities for more than five years and some always have used technologies in their classrooms to improve students’ computational thinking ability. Data were collected through instructor focus group interviews. A semi-structured interview protocol was used as a guide. From the interview, we found that three elements for teaching guidelines to cultivate the computational thinking ability of higher education students were 1) learners’ and instructors’ role 2) learning strategies and 3) teaching tools. The instructor should use learner-centered teaching approaches. In classroom activities, the instructor should be a coach who provides guidance and give powerful questions that help the learners reflect and find a way to get the solution. Besides, this paper gathered learning strategies and teaching tools that were often used in computational thinking courses.



Author Information
Virawan Amnouychokanant, King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi, Thailand
Surapon Boonlue, King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi, Thailand
Saranya Chuathong, King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi, Thailand
Kuntida Thamwipat, King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi, Thailand

Paper Information
Conference: ACE2020
Stream: Teaching Experiences

This paper is part of the ACE2020 Conference Proceedings (View)
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Posted by amp21