The feeling of hopefulness is important for personal goal setting and success. Emotions and cultural background may be influential to the formation of hopefulness. Understanding their relationship helps effective cultivation of college students’ beliefs of hope. This research aims to explore the effects of culture and emotions on hope beliefs between Vietnamese and Taiwanese college students. The measure of emotions included positive emotion and negative emotion; the measure of hope beliefs included the beliefs of goal achievement, pathway thinking, and agency thinking. Participants were 152 Taiwanese and 84 Vietnamese students. Inventory investigation was employed to achieve the goal of this study. The main findings are as follows: (1) Results of Pearson correlation revealed a positive correlation between positive emotions and hope beliefs, but a negative correlation between negative emotions and hope beliefs. (2) Results of Univariate Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) revealed significant nationality group differences on the total score of hope beliefs, positive and negative emotion. Taiwanese students’ hope beliefs and negative emotions were stronger than those of Vietnamese students, whereas Vietnamese students’ positive emotion was stronger than that of Taiwanese students. (3) Results of Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA) revealed significant nationality group differences on all aspects of hope beliefs. Specifically, Taiwanese students’ hope beliefs of goal achievement, pathway thinking, and agency thinking were stronger than those of Vietnamese students. The findings suggest that although Vietnamese students feel less hopeful, they have stronger positive emotion than Taiwanese students; this may because Vietnamese students are more hedonistic than Taiwanese students.
Ngoc Phung Sai, National Chengchi University, Taiwan
Yu-chu Yeh, National Chengchi University, Taiwan