A lack of teachers especially vocational field is one of the most important problem of Thai education. The report from the Office of Vocational Education Commission 2019 revealed that Public vocational institutions lack teachers around 18,846 persons. There are many factors that affects teachers’ retention such as welfare, stability, job position and burnout. This research aimed to study the variables influence motivation to leave of vocational teachers such as teachers’ characteristics (age, gender, position) and teacher burnout. Questionnaire used in this study including 3 parts; 22 items of Burnout Inventory in teachers adopted from Maslasch’s (1981), 3 items of motivation to leave adopted from Skaalvik (2011) and teacher demographic such as age, gender, position. In this study, data were collected by 424 vocational teachers (from 10 provinces in metropolitan, north, northeast, east and south of Thailand. The results showed that position of teacher and burnout (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and personal accomplishment) were correlated with motivation to leave while age and gender were not. Moreover, age of teachers correlated with emotional exhaustion and depersonalization whilst teachers’ position correlated only depersonalization. It was recommended that the Ministry of Education should consider about policy for teachers in each position which got different welfare and should support early career teachers to retain in their profession.
Sukritta Preechawong, King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi, Thailand
Anusit Anmanatrakul, King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi, Thailand
Pichet Pinit, King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi, Thailand
Ravinder Koul, Pennsylvania State University, United States
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