This study focuses on the Spanish educator Juan Macho who led the fight against illiteracy and drop-outs in rural and urban Spain, on his contribution to the task of training women teachers, as well as on his collaboration in educational renovation and innovation in different Spanish Congresses during the period 1882 to 1908. His educational work culminated in teacher training, through the mission of the Free Teaching Institute (founded in 1876 as a project of educational renovation widely aligned with worldwide educators such as John Dewey, M. Montessory and alike), in which he directed a programme of in-depth educational reform, necessarily was founded on primary education, but also including the development of the National Pedagogical Museum project, and also the dissemination of knowledge through school libraries in places and circumstances where no such material had been available hitherto. This revolutionary author worked not only in the Spanish Schools but also in Puerto Rico, where he founded a number of pedagogical magazines aimed at providing a permanent source of training for teachers and keeping them abreast of the educational innovations that were coming to Spain. To sum up, the focus of his infectious energy and collaborative activity, as an active member of the National Teacher Training Association, switched to the development of professional teaching networks, whose aim was to campaign for a free, equal education.
Rafael Salinas, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Spain
Isabel Alvarez, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Spain