In sitcom, characters are mainly "speaking" in a fixed space such as a living room or a classroom, so that "laughing" is created in the content, and the viewer is delighted. A technique of creating "laughter" by combining dialogues of a plurality of characters in "daily conversation" is used. The research used works that are considered to be highly representative, such as 'the Big Bang theory', 'Friends' and 'Full House' from the United States and 'Aiging kongyu', 'Woai Wojia' and 'Jiayou Erniu' from China. A survey will be conducted on typical sitcom laughter trends in the United States and China. By analyzing sitcoms in the United States and China, it is possible to confirm that the laughter tendency of the work is not the same in every country, but that there are differences between cultural and linguistic areas, and that there is a factorial background. By adding a unique perspective to previous research, factors that cause laughter in sitcom are classified, and text analysis is performed. Whether or not the content of the utterance of the speaker is “exaggerated” can be more calmly recognized by the “viewer” who looks at the bird's-eye view through the television than the party making the utterance. Originally, sitcom itself has formed a “meta-structure” that makes viewers look interesting from a third-party perspective. However, in this study, the elements that make laughter clear by "metastructure", such as "exaggeration" and "insert proper noun into fictional space", are targeted.
Takashi Yoshimatsu, Kyushu University, Japan