The future challenges for universities are fueling the current situation at many African universities. The main pressure is coming from the demographic situation. In Ethiopia for example, it is anticipated that by 2030 the age group 0-24 will amount to 62% of the total population. Moreover, Ethiopian universities lack of qualified lecturers, which might jeopardise the intellectual and economic development of the nation. This presentation tries to answer the question: "Could Just-in-Time-Teaching (JiTT) become state-of-the-art for universities to counter the demographic pressure and the lack of qualified lecturers?". In the Ethiopian context JiTT is understood as an integrated part of the teaching and learning process that takes place in the virtual classroom, where students will gain basic knowledge and skills of the respective subject prior the face-to-face meeting in the classroom. This research has been built around a course on innovation management for master students and intends to measure whether students have achieved the learning goals in the JiTT classroom session and are able to apply those in the flipped classroom.
The presentation will provide (i) information about the current situation at Ethiopian universities; (ii) an introduction to JiTT; (iii) a presentation of the research design and the criteria to measure the achievement of the learning goals; (iv) the results and findings; (v) the comparison with findings from previous JiTT experiments conducted by one of the authors; (vi) Conclusion and recommendations to improve the teaching and learning situation at African universities.
Margareth Gfrerer, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia
Leon Cremonini, University of Twente, Netherlands