Representation of Chinese-Sundanese Ethnic Identity in Suryakencana Bogor through Code Switching and Code Mixing

Abstract

Indonesia has 1340 ethnic groups with 300 different ethnic groups recorded (www.netralnews.com). According to Hasbullah (www.academia.edu), there are around 726 regional languages in Indonesia, but only 456 regional languages have been successfully mapped. Indonesian language as a national language is use when one ethnic group wants to communicate with another ethnic group. Language according to Mulyana (2000: 117) is an element of forming culture and a person's cultural identity. Indonesian people generally master two languages, namely the local language and Indonesian. The Sundanese are the second largest ethnic group in Indonesia and mostly occupy the western Java region. Sundanese language itself has levels in the language that is polite, medium, and crude. Ethnic Chinese descendants who lived and settled in the Sunda region for generations are become part of Sundanese ethnic. This study aims to explain what forms of code switching and code mixing are carried out by people of Chinese-Sundanesse ethnic when they interact with each other and another ethnic. This research was conducted in Suryakencana Bogor, West Java and also known as the Chinese village (www.kompas.com). The concept used in this research is Ethnic Identity (Barth, 1988: 10) and the concept of code switching and code mixing. The research is descriptive qualitative with data collection methods through interviews, documentation, and non-participatory observation. This study shows that people of Chinese-Sundanese descent in the Bogor Suryakencana region form their own patterns of communication and conducted code switching and code mixing to represent their ethnic identity.



Author Information
Nathalia Soemantri, Pancasila University, Indonesia
Feriska Belia Ahadyah, Pancasila University, Indonesia

Paper Information
Conference: ACL2020
Stream: Language and Communication

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