Stress, Anxiety and Depression Among Academicians in Science and Technology Faculties in a Malaysian University

Abstract

Introduction: In Malaysia, academic personnel are under pressure to build international reputation, increase funding and are expected to perform in the key performance indicators to bring Malaysian education to an international standard. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of stress, anxiety and depression and its associated factors among the academicians in Science and Technology faculties in Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Malaysia.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among the academicians in Science and Technology faculties in Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM). The participants were emailed the questionnaires through their university email and alternative email addresses. They were asked to complete questionnaires on their sociodemographic details and Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21).

Results: A total of 140 academicians participated in the study with the mean age of 39 years old (SD=7.8) and mean duration of years in service was 10 years (SD=6.9). Majority of the participants were female, Malays and married. Half of the participants owned at least Master’s degree. The average teaching hours per week was 13 hours (SD=5.3). The prevalence of stress was 7.2%, depression 12.1% and anxiety 20.7%. There was no significant association found between sociodemographic factors and outcome variables.

Conclusion: Academicians from science and technology faculties have high prevalence of anxiety and moderate prevalence of depression compared to general population. It needs to be addressed to ensure academicians have good mental wellbeing to execute their roles.



Author Information
Nor Jannah Nasution Raduan, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia
Salina Mohamed, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Malaysia
Azlina Wati Nikmat, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia
Nurul Azreen Hashim, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia
Norley Shuib, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia

Paper Information
Conference: ACP2020
Stream: Psychology and Education

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