Abstract[Purpose] This study aimed to identify the effects of positive psychology programs using coffee activities on the happiness and parenting efficacy of mothers who raise people with developmental disabilities. [Methods] Nine mothers who used N Welfare centers in B city voluntarily participated in program and agreed the purpose of this study. The program was conducted for 1 hour and 30 minutes per session over six weeks with a total of 12 sessions. [Result] Wilcoxon’s signed rank tests (SPSS 22.0) verified the differences in happiness and parenting efficacy through the program by conducting a pre-posttest. The results were as follows. First, there were significant differences (z=-2.67 and p<0.1) in happiness. Happiness is divided into satisfaction, positivity and negativity, with the greatest change in negativity among each sub-area. Second, there was a significant difference (z=-2.521, p<0.05) in parenting efficacy. [Conclusion] These results showed that the positive psychology program using coffee activities was an effective program that could improve the happiness and parenting efficacy of mothers raising the people with disabilities. It suggests that a variety of positive psychology programs are needed for the psychological and emotional support of mothers raising the children with developmental disabilities for the healthy and effective parenting environment.
Juyun Kim, Pusan National University, South Korea
Young-Sim Kang, Pusan National University, South Korea
Yu-Jeong Lee, Pusan National University, South Korea