The Effects of Informal Learning on the Creative Expression of Craft Design

Abstract

Craft design education can be defined with professional practice and creative expressions in a comprehensive domain. While the apprenticeship used to be a core of traditional ways of knowing in craft education, and the modern craft designers are learning through working in creative studios and heuristic teaching to promote their original performances. For the assessment of creative expression, both apprenticeship and heuristic teaching mainly focuses on the outcomes, and there has been less attention to the process of practice, which may involve a surprise in the result. This paper focuses on the process of creating crafts to explore the effects of informal learning with social interactions such as visiting workshops, museums, peer discussions, and community learning on creative expressions. The purpose of this research is to explore how do informal learning affects the practicing process of ceramics, particularly in the shaping process, so that gives rise to adjust the details of expression and creative solution.
We have conducted qualitative research through a survey of 80 undergraduate students and interview six ceramic designers in their early career to conducting a thematic analysis. The results showed that the knowledge from informal learning is less systematic, but the tacit knowledge has mentioned as a kind of ability to generate creative solutions by accident in the process of making ceramics. This study attempts to spark new views for the assessment of creative expressions in craft design and provide further insights into design education.



Author Information
Sun Qianang, Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Japan
Kim Eunyoung, Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Japan

Paper Information
Conference: IICEHawaii2020
Stream: Learning Experiences

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