- This paper has been retracted by the author because of legal issues -
This paper deals with scoping review of critical thinking studies done in the Philippines by Filipino scholars from 1971 to 2017. It examines the extent and nature of research activity to identify research gaps. The researchers utilized Arksey and O’Malley’s (2005) five-stage methodological framework. Out of 142 documents gathered, 128 studies were included and classified into six major research areas, namely, curriculum and instruction, materials development, assessment, relationship of critical thinking to others, test development, and critical thinking and culture. Among those areas, critical thinking and culture is the least explored. For 47 years, studies focused on critical thinking ability with limited studies on critical thinking disposition. Immersion approach is the predominant approach in teaching critical thinking and in materials development. Majority of researches were designed for tertiary and secondary students with limited studies intended for elementary pupils. No study was conducted for pupils below grade 2. These findings suggest that research is needed in disposition aspect of critical thinking and for learners in kindergarten and elementary. Considering that immersion is the predominant approach used, Filipino scholars may explore other approaches to teaching critical thinking, namely, general, infusion, and mixed regarding enhancement of students’ critical thinking and the application of infusion approach in embedding critical thinking into instructional materials in different academic disciplines. In conclusion, a vast majority of Filipino educators seem to have a narrow concept regarding critical thinking which they view predominantly as consisting of abilities alone to the neglect of an equally necessary component which is disposition.
Ricardo Lumpas, Centro Escolar University, Philippines
Marcos Lopez, Centro Escolar University, Philippines
Erlina Mendoza, Centro Escolar University, Philippines
Maria Asuncion Lopez, Centro Escolar University, Philippines