In Vietnam, the number of international tourists is increasing and their needs become more diverse. However, workers in the hospitality and tourism industry do not meet the demands due to lack of professional skills. Therefore, it is necessary to innovate the skills of workers through education, especially through innovative pedagogical approaches. Supporting teachers to innovate in teaching and curriculum development thus becomes vital for institutions. Nevertheless, few researches focused on factors responsible for curriculum renewal and pedagogical innovations, particularly in hospitality and tourism education. This paper aims to propose a hypothetical framework for innovation in hospitality and tourism education using Hargreaves and Fullan’s concept of “professional capital” and curriculum renewal process. We adopted a mixed-method approach to address psychological factors, organizational conditions and curriculum renewal factors that influence how teachers foster pedagogical innovations. Qualitative methods include interviewing school administrators and teachers, and documentation which is the researcher’s diaries. An online survey is also conducted with 100 teachers in Vietnam to identify factors responsible for innovation in hospitality and tourism education. The hypothetical framework for innovations in hospitality and tourism education shows the relationships of three groups of factors, namely teachers’ motivational forces, organizational supporting conditions, and curriculum renewal facilitation. Although it needs to be tested in our further study, the suggested framework will help administrators of Vietnamese hospitality and tourism institutions in not only building a motivational strategy to drive teachers’ innovative behavior, but also developing a training program that provides methods for teachers to innovate their teaching practices.
Thao Thanh Luong, Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Japan
Eunyoung Kim, Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Japan
Stream: Nurturing Creativity & Innovation: New
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Thao Thanh Luong, and Eunyoung Kim