Aim: The purposes of the present study were to: (1) explore child’s and parent’s perspectives on food-related behaviours and nutritional status (body mass index – BMI) among children, (2) verify if there were differences in the intensity of food-related behaviours among girls and boys in two age groups (young children: 8-11 years old vs. adolescents: 12-16 years old).
Method: Two hundred three parents and 203 children took part in the present study. The Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ) and the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire for Children (DEBQ-C) were used to evaluate child’s perspective on food-related behaviours. The Child Eating Behavior Questionnaire (CEBQ) was completed by their parents.
Results: The first analysis showed that model based on DEBQ-C assessment of food-related behaviours most effectively predicted nutritional status (R2-change for child's BMI: DEBQ-C - 29% vs. TFEQ-R13 - 19% vs. CEBQ - 16). Moreover, the best predictor of BMI was restricted eating (DEBQ-C). The second analysis indicated that adolescents girls had the highest level of restrained eating as well as emotional eating).
Conclusion: In the research in order to get a full view on food related-behaviours and their relations with nutritional status it is worth including the dyadic (parent-child) approach with using different questionnaires to evaluate food-related behaviours.
Kamila Czepczor-Bernat, University of Wroclaw, Poland
Anna Brytek-Matera, University of Wroclaw, Poland