History is always told according to the narrative of the victors, the rulers and their administration. This study presents the story of the ordinary people, specifically during the western colonial period of Vietnam, the Malay Peninsula and the Philippines. The concept of ethnosymbolism is the reason why a group of people live together for a length of time, this caused the community to have a strong bond of identity and unity. they stood and fought for their homeland. A historical comparative analysis approach was used in this study to point out similarities, parallels and trends in their historical and social developments. The communities of people, since the very ancient times, have worked on their lands and enjoyed the benefits of the use of their resources. This situation changed with the entry of western colonizers who imposed their concept of private ownership of lands and the commercialization of the agricultural processes. The peasants constituted the majority of the colonized population but their stories were barely mentioned. Colonization instigated the people to pursue self determination and the need to manage their resources by themselves. The narrative presented presents the trends of historical developments from the perspective of the Southeast Asians.
Janet Atutubo, University of Santo Tomas, Philippines
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