Humanistic Approach on Art Therapy In Attempts To Create Balance Self-Concept

Abstract

This research paper explores the connection between Self-Concept and developmental process of a person in attempt to understand better about how obscurity in Self-Concept Clarity (SCC) and Self-Concept Differentiation (SCD) can create incongruence that will affect one’s function as a human. Holistic experience in each life event play major roles to clarify about own Self-Concept, be it positive or negative as mentioned in Erikson Stage of Development. This is important to create a stable Self-Concept so that it can be used as tool for coping mechanism in facing diverse social roles and demands in each life stage. Therefore, a better understanding about one’s “self” will help a person create balance between expectation and reality. This can be achieved by increasing SCC and decreasing SCD to create more similarity rather than less, not to create incongruence. Initial assessment using Tennessee Self-Concept Scales II (TSCS-II) will give better explanation and understanding of the “self”, while Humanistic Art-Therapy were used to create positive dialectical approach that will encourage a person to explore and evaluate themselves in search of incongruence in their Self-Concept. This research show a significant result that incomplete development stages create incongruence between SCC and SCD, resulting in Self-Concept differentiation that correlated positively with poor emotional adjustment, lower personal well-being, anxiety, depressive symptoms, neuroticism, and lower self-esteem. This research also showed that humanistic Art Therapy help a person to identify incongruence and bring enlightenment of own Self-Concept.



Author Information
Devina Winarto, Universitas Tarumanagara, Indonesia

Paper Information
Conference: ACP2019
Stream: General Psychology

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