The purpose of the study was to develop the Resilience Questionnaire for Elementary school students by using confirmatory factor analysis. The participants were selected by multi stage cluster random sampling. The participants were 311 elementary school students aged 9-11 years and studying grade 4-6. Factor analytic findings supported a five-factor model of resilience, which consisted of perceived self-efficacy, tolerance to negative feelings and stress, acceptance of changes in life, secure relationship in family and secure relationship with someone other than a family member(Chi-squared = 966.88 ,Chi-squared/df = 1.66, CFI = 0.901, RMSEA = 0.04, SRMR = 0.05). This five-factor model of resilience is consistent with the approaches for measuring resilience of Connor and Davidson (2003) and Sun and Stewart (2007). In addition, the results also demonstrated good internal reliabilities of the 5 subscales (Cronbach’s alpha from 0.728 - 0.855). In conclusion, the Resilience Questionnaire has promise as psychometrically sound questionnaire, which can be used to evaluate resilience level in elementary school students.
Araya Pontanya, Chiang Mai University, Thailand
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