The myriad of ethnic and sub-ethnic groups in Indonesia causes similarly numerous creations, communication, and performance of folklore. Today, however, tales which are classified in verbal lore and believed as people’s fictional works are decaying since almost all tales still use local-regional languages, which generally have become unpopular. Furthermore, modern life-style strongly relies on technology-based media. To trace back the initial function of tales: delivering human values to shape cultural identity, two Javanese children’s tales entitled ‘Sing Welas Asih Marang Kewan’ (‘Be Kind to Animal’) and ‘Ketemu Rajane Ulo’ (‘Meeting with the King of Snake’) are scrutinized. Upon interpreting these stories, functionalism approach, particularly the idea of an informal teaching means, is considered to answer the very common question about the usefulness of learning humanity. By discovering the dense moral-ethical lessons as the root of human virtues in these exemplified tales, it can be asserted that tales for children are not definitely old-fashioned because they do not merely connect to the past but represent the heart of the present life. It signifies that as far as Indonesian children are regarded as the future golden generation, teachings on humanity through fiction is influential to their character building.
Sri Herminingrum, Universitas Brawijaya, Indonesia
Stream: Literature/Literary Studies
This paper is part of the ACAH2019 Conference Proceedings (View)
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