Collective Consciousness of Ethnic Groups in the Upper Central Region of Thailand

Abstract

This research article aimed to study the memories of the past and the process of constructing a collective consciousness of ethnicity in the upper central region of Thailand. Scope of the study included ethnic groups in 4 provinces: Lopburi, Chai-nat, Singburi, and Ang-thong and 7 groups: Lao Wiang, Lao Khrang, Lao Ngaew, Thai Mon, Thai Beung, Thai Phuan, and Thai Yuan. Qualitative methodology and ethnography approach were used for this study. The data was collected by means of participated, non-participated observation and semi-structured interview for 7 leaders of each ethnic group. According to the study, it has been found that these ethnic groups emigrated to Siam in the late Ayutthaya period to the early Rattanakosin period. They aggregated and started to settle down along the major rivers in the upper central region of Thailand. They brought the traditional beliefs, values, and living style from motherland; shared sense of unified ethnicity in common, whereas they didn’t express to the other outside their society, because once there was Thai-valued movement by the government. However, they continued to convey the wisdom of their ancestors to the younger generations: through the stories from memory, way of life, rituals, plays and costumes included the identity of fabric each ethnic group. While some groups blend well with the local Thai culture and became a contemporary cultural identity that has been remodelled from the profoundly varied nations.



Author Information
Chawitra Tantimala, Chandrakasem Rajaphat University, Thailand

Paper Information
Conference: ACP2019
Stream: Qualitative/Quantitative Research in any other area of Psychology

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Chawitra Tantimala

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