Southeast Asia is a highly dynamic region with rapid social, economic, political, and cultural changes. This has been increasingly complex since the end of 2015, when the ten countries in this region formally implemented a framework of integration and economic, political, and socio-cultural cooperation through the ASEAN Community. Developments in the field of technology, both in the region and in each country, are inseparable from rapid accelerations in global development. More specifically, there have been changes in Southeast Asia's digital landscape, including increasing numbers of internet users, growing digital economies, emerging virtual cultures, and implementing technology-based governance models (e-government and smart cities). In the policy and regulation context, Southeast Asian governments have had different responses to this phenomenon; in other words, ICT or digital policy in Southeast Asian countries comes in diverse forms. Ideal digital policy should involve a formulation that maximizes digital potential and suppresses possible negative effects. This article aims to illustrate the digital policy landscape in Southeast Asia and analyze the ideas, structures, and actors of digital policy in Indonesia, Singapore, Myanmar, and the Philippines. This article applies a desk study, tracking policy documents and relevant information related to digital policy in Southeast Asia.
Hermin Indah Wahyuni, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
Andi Awaluddin Fitrah, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia