The world is witnessing fast population growth. So, life needs are increasing especially, energy which is considered nowadays, as the sinews of life and the decisive factor in economic growth. Fossil energy is the most widespread and exploited, because they are the mainstay of economy of the most countries, mainly the producing countries. But all countries are worried about the danger of energy depletion on the one hand. On the other hand, fossil energy is the main cause of environmental pollution and global warming due to waste gases. The volatility of oil market and its impacts on world economy drive all countries to seek for another alternative instead of fossil energy to meet world needs in all aspects of life, mainly electricity generation from renewable energies. Algeria may play in the future, a major role in the field of renewable energies because of diversity of its natural resources.This research aims at diagnosing the world renewable energies exploitation, as well as highlighting the renewable energies position in Algeria and referring to Algeria's efforts in this field. The study results show that Algeria possesses high potential in the field of renewable energies, in addition to political efforts tending towards reinforcing and developing renewable energy policy. However, generation of renewable energy represents only 5.5% of total fossil energy. Therefore, such ratio is still low in comparison with Algerian energy potential. As result, Algeria has little experience in renewable energy technologies because it relies on fossil energy well mastered techniques.
Amina Mekhelfi, University of Ouargla, Algeria
Fatima Zohra Ben Seghier, E.N.S.S.E.A Kolea School, Algeria
Djeloul Benanaya, University of Khemis Miliana, Algeria
Stream: Energy: Renewable Energy and Environmental Solutions
This paper is part of the ECSEE2018 Conference Proceedings (View)
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