Numerous written materials and wide range of reading collections of social science texts were written to analyze qualitative research methods in social sciences. Qualitative research refers to research about people’s lives, through insight of their stories and behavioral patterns. It is usually employed in human field studies and social science disciplines, including education, sociology, social work, and communications with additional examination of organizations, relationships, and social movements. Qualitative research involves an interpretive and natural approach to the world. This means that qualitative researchers study their natural settings and attempt to make sense of, or interpret concepts in terms of the meanings people bring to them. The main aim of this paper is to study how people and groups construct meanings and explore real life issues. As an applied research methodology, there is often a greater emphasis on the design and process of data collection and data analysis. However, the main aim of this paper is explore more deeply the qualitative research via a broader spectrum of critical discussions, specifically by delving into what is unique about qualitative methods and highlighting the features of the qualitative research methods. Qualitative research identifies with ‘lived experiences’ of research participants, as the researcher is considered an instrument of data collection and data analysis. Henceforth, the quality of qualitative data depends, to a great extent, on a much deeper and complex layer of methodological skill, sensitivity, and integrity of the researcher as opposed to the mere technicalities of data collection and data analysis.
Najah Ibrahim Al Ramahi, Ajman University, United Arab Emirates
Stream: Interdisciplinary, Multidisciplinary & Transdisciplinary Education
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