Pregnancy and its related health outcomes have been identified as a key predictor of human development and therefore can be used as an indicator to measure a country’s human development index. For this reason, it is important to put in place strategies and measures that can help improve the maternal health outcomes. The aim of this study is to identify and understand the role institution in strategies and interventions to improve maternal health. The method of this study was a review of published articles. The search was done from online databases and published work that pertained to the aim of the study. From the analysis, three main institutions were identified to work in improving maternal health outcomes. These institutions were government institutions, family and social support systems, Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO) and international partnership agencies. This review finds that, in order for strategies to be successful in improving maternal health outcomes in Ghana, there is a need for immense collaboration and support among all the institutions involved in the maternal health policy implementation. There has been a global improvement in maternal health outcomes. However, in order to optimize institutional efforts and outcomes, there should be frequent research to help keep pace with the emerging dynamics of maternal health. There should also be community involvement in interventions to facilitate localization and acceptance of interventions.
Doreen Odame, University of Ghana, Ghana
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