The emerge of the internet and the development of transportation technology has enabled massive products, people, and ideas to travel beyond borders and nations. It also fosters and intensifies the interaction between global and local culture. This essay attempts to examine of the global-local nexus in globalisation by conducting a case study. It focuses on the growth of hip-hop as a form of a global culture in the Javanese society. The discussion includes the development of hip-hop as a global culture, the identification of factors that affect the acceptance of hip-hop in Javanese society, and the Javanese hip-hop as a form of hybridization. It concludes that the society responds to the global product based on its own interpretation.It also highlights that the process of global-local nexus depends on several factors. The dissemination of hip-hop culture in Indonesia gained advantages from the policy of Indonesian government to be more open to the international discourse as well as to grant more freedom to the media industry in the 1990s. Furthermore, the development of hip-hop is supported by the characteristics of Javanese society which deeply respects mutual understanding and collaboration between different cultures. The similarity of hip-hop elements to the forms of Javanese traditional music and arts such as wayang (puppet show) and parikan (traditional poems) also plays pivotal roles in creating a hybrid product as a result of the interaction between global and local culture: a Javanese hip-hop.
Septirian Praditya, Monash University, Australia
Stream: Globalization and Internationalization
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