By 2030 the Indian Ocean will become the busiest and most important global sea lane of communications which connects the world. Seeing the strategic location of this ocean, many actors force their interests to the region which might lead to clash of interests and increase the number of non-traditional maritime threats in the Indian Ocean. A various background of countries located on different continents, having Indian Ocean as their backyard also influence the dynamic of the region. The need for ocean governance which is able to maintain regional maritime security is absolute. Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) as the most comprehensive regional organization which aims to address the non-traditional maritime threats and to obtain cooperation among the littoral states of Indian Ocean becomes the most potential organization in contributing to the stability of Indian Ocean. Especially with the establishment of IORA Concord that will strengthen the organization by setting clear direction for the future of IORA. The main aim of this paper will recommend the use of maritime diplomacy on countering maritime threats, and how it may apply to IORA to establish an intraregional-mechanism under the IORA’s government. In order to reach that discussion, this paper will evaluate what IORA had achieved in maintaining maritime security in the Indian Ocean as well as projecting what might IORA contribute on the following years. The strategic policies recommendation on countering non-traditional maritime threats by IORA will be analyzed as well as the Indian Ocean littoral states collaboration on socio-economics sectors.
Megawati Rosalio Putri, Indonesia Defense University, Indonesia
Christine Anggi Sidjabat, Indonesia Defense University, Indonesia
Stream: Indian and South Asian Studies
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