The Relationship of Identity Status to Peer Relation during Adolescence


Who am I? These questions reflect the search for an identity. Identity is a self-portrait composed of many pieces, including these: the career; political; religious; relationship; achievement; sexual; ethnic; interests; personality; and physical identity. Adolescents search their cultures identity files, experimenting with different roles and personalities. For adolescence peer approval becomes increasingly important. Peers play an important role in the development of individuals in all cultures. This study will focus on the relationship between identity status to peer relation in adolescence. The survey was conducted using James Marcia (1999) concept of four statuses of identity: identity diffusion, identity foreclosure, identity moratorium, and identity achievement. Sample were 156 participants from Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. Using correlational study, the result show that there is a significant correlation (r = 0.249) between peer relation with relationship identity. Meanwhile, for other identity they are not significantly correlate. Using descriptive analysis, the result show that adolescents who perceive that they have close relationship with their peers, they develop identity achievement in religious (71.14%), relationship (50.33%), sexual (78.52%), ethnic (62.41%), interest (53.69%), and physical (43.62%). One of good peer relation most important functions is to provide a source of information and comparison about the world outside the family. Adolescents receive feedback about their abilities from their peer group. They evaluate what they do in terms of whether it is better than, as good as, or worse than what other adolescents do.

Author Information
Laila Qodariah, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia
Lucia Voni Pebriani, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

Paper Information
Conference: ACP2017
Stream: General Psychology

This paper is part of the ACP2017 Conference Proceedings (View)
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon