Mediating Role of Ethnic Identity on the Relationship between Ethnicity and Life Satisfaction among Indonesians Adolescents

Indonesia is known as a multi-ethnic and multi-culture country then Javanese is the largest ethnic group among the population. Ethnicity and culture is an aspect which determine a person's identity. As another domain of identity, ethnic identity is a predictor of psychological well-being, including life satisfaction. Adolescent’s life satisfaction is a subjective evaluation to specific domain that is family, peer, school, environment and self. This study explored the mediating role of ethnic identity on the relationship between ethnicity and life satisfaction. Participants-844 adolescents (mean age = 14,76 years old; 58,8% females)-classified into three groups based on their ethnicity: Javanese adolescent, mixed-Javanese adolescent and non-Javanese adolescent. Indonesian version of Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure-Revised (MEIM-R) was used to identify adolescent’s ethnic identity whereas Indonesian version of Multidimensional Students' Life Satisfaction Scale (MSLSS) was used to identify adolescent life satisfaction in some specific domains. The results showed that ethnicity predicted ethnic identity (p = 0.034) and were able to serve as a mediator of relationship between ethnicity and some specific domains of adolescent life satisfaction which were peer (p = 0.0500) and school (p = 0,0002). Ethnicity didn’t have either direct or indirect role of adolescent life satisfaction in another specific domain i.e. family (p = 0.8684), environment (p = 0.0581) and self (p = 0.3040). Discussion and limitations of the study will be reviewed further in the article.



Author Information
Unita Werdi Rahajeng, Brawijaya University, Indonesia

Paper Information
Conference: ACP2017
Stream: General Psychology

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