Effects of Social Studies Instruction Using Case Study Method on Democracy Concepts and Critical Thinking Abilities of Secondary School Students

Thailand has been replacing with parliamentary democracy for 80 years but the political conflicts were led to the several of coup d’état. This reflects that the democracy in Thailand has failed so that is essential importance for all teachers to establish democratic culture. The teachers need to educate Thai students to understand the democracy concepts and develop there’s critical thinking abilities by using case studies method instruction because these will empower Thai students to participate in democracy classroom and become a global citizen. The case studies method instruction comprises of 5 steps as 1) presenting case study 2) identifying problems 3) analyzing case studies 4) classroom discussion and 5) conclusion. The democracy concepts in this study consists of right, liberty, equality, rule of laws, majority, election, pluralism, responsibility and political participation. The purposes of this research were to develop democracy concepts and critical thinking abilities of secondary school by using case study method. The participants were twenty-four tenth grade students. The research instruments were the democracy concepts test with the reliability at 0.81 and The Cornell Critical Thinking Test, Level X with the reliability at 0.71. The experimental instrument was the ninth case-study method lesson plans. The data were analyzed by means of arithmetic mean, standard deviation, and The t-test dependent. The research results were as democracy concepts and critical thinking abilities of secondary school students after learning by using case study method were higher than that before using case studies method at 0.05 level of significance.



Author Information
Warut Intarit, Phuket Rajabhat University, Thailand
Walai Isarangura Na Ayudhaya, Chulalongkorn University, Thailand

Paper Information
Conference: ECE2017
Stream: Education: social and political movements

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