Sarkans Junijs’ – Military Relationship Between Japan and the Baltic States in the 1930s


In terms of the pre-war relationship between the Baltic states and Japan, Japanese historians tend to emphasize Chiune Sugihara's contribution to the saving of Jewish refugees in 1940. However, apart from that, not many facts are yet known among either Japanese or the Baltic academia. Thus, in this article, I attempted to unveil the 'reality' of the Baltic-Japanese relations which is still mostly shrouded in mystery. Indeed, the first priority of Sugihara as a Japanese diplomat in Kaunas was to observe and report the moves of the Soviet military in Lithuania and such missions are fundamental to any diplomats. Ever since the establishment of Japanese embassy in Riga, 1928, Japan had invested a lot to build mutual ties with all the three Baltic states in order to conduct espionage on the Soviet Union. Arms trade, interactions of military personals, all the dark side of the bilateral (multilateral) relations were confirmed through historical sources.

Author Information
Shingo Masunaga

Paper Information
Conference: APSec2016
Stream: Espionage and Intelligence

This paper is part of the APSec2016 Conference Proceedings (View)
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon