Lecturers’ Competencies in Higher Education in Indonesia to Support the Quality of Graduates


The purpose of this study is to analyze the implementation of lecturers’ competencies based on the Indonesian Higher Education Policies. Many studies have shown that lecturer’s competencies are significant to prepare the quality of graduates entering the workplace. Lack of lecturers’ competencies will affect the quality of graduates to enter the workplace. As a result, graduates will have difficulties to get jobs in the workplace. Currently, there are more than 3500 tertiary education institutions in Indonesia with around 250 thousand lecturers. The Indonesian Law of Teachers and Lecturers Competence and Act No. 14 of 2005 and Indonesian National Standard of Higher Education 2014 declared that a lecturer is an educator who has to fulfill four kinds of competencies, which are; a. Pedagogic competence, b. Personal competence, c. Social competence, d. Professional competence. These competencies will influence lecturers’ performance in the classroom. Consequently, it has an impact on the quality of graduates. Nevertheless, there are still implementation difficulties. Presently, many lecturers are still applying the conventional teaching patterns, with low research publications and low of professional developments to support their competencies. As a recommendation, the role of a government supported institution is significant to improve lecturers’ competencies by accommodating new patterns of teaching methods, such as; SCL (Student-centered Learning), PBL (Project-based Learning), research approach, professional developments, and current skills that support graduates to be workplace ready.

Author Information
Rachmie Sari Baso, Akademi Bahasa Asing Balikpapan, Indonesia

Paper Information
Conference: ACE2016
Stream: Higher education

This paper is part of the ACE2016 Conference Proceedings (View)
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon