The Significance of Social Components in Urban Transformation in the Context of Sustainability: A Romany Neighbourhood Example/Istanbul

Abstract

Cities are like living organisms like every single living creature that is born, grows up and dies. Just as when a living being is in bad health and medical intervention becomes inevitable, such intervention is inevitable in cities as well. One of the interventions is "Urban Transformation" in order to prevent dilapidation and deterioration in urban fabric or establishing safe urban spaces susceptible to disasters. The term of urban transformation is not a one-dimensional concept sheltering the process of improving the physical environment. On the contrary it is a multi-dimensional holistic process embracing social, economic, environmental, and governance aspects. Therefore non-holistic approaches will not make positive contribution to the road leading to sustainable cities. This paper focuses on a historical neighbourhood in Istanbul where urban transformation work was carried out. The neighbourhood called "Sulukule" is a place where mostly Romanian people live besides non-Romanians. The neighbourhood is situated within the historic peninsula of Istanbul and its world heritage listed land walls. The paper particularly deals with the social aspect of the process and analyses the situation before and after the implementation of the urban transformation project. The social success of the project is also evaluated. Literature review, observations and fieldwork including in depth interviews with the locals and the administrators were carried out as the method of the study. In the conclusion, the recommendations are presented based on the data obtained.



Author Information
Imam Bakir Kanli, Marmara University, Turkey

Paper Information
Conference: CITY2016
Stream: Sociology. Social Work and Social Concerns

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