Alternative Education also known as non-traditional education or educational alternative, includes a number of approaches to teaching and learning separate from that offered by mainstream or traditional education. They are rooted in a number of philosophies differing from those of mainstream education such as Summerhill, Montessori, Waldorf and Homeschool, which aim to holistically develop learners to achieve human completeness. The paper presents the evolution of alternative education in Thailand in 3 periods. First, the initiative/ pilot (before 1987), second is the revolution (1987-2007), and third is the acceptance of alternative education (after 2007). Many studies have been continuously conducted on alternative education in Thailand. Nonetheless, more studies are necessary to provide concrete models on alternative education that response to more diverse society. It also required the collaboration among all partners, including government sector, private sector, civil society sector, traditional and alternative educators to enhance the quality of alternative education in Thailand.
Patreeya Kitcharoen, Mahidol University, Thailand
Stream: Adult and lifelong learning
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