Disaster Adaptation by Community for City Sustainability. Case Study: “Poor vs Rich Settlements” in Coping Flood Hazard in Jakarta, Indonesia

Abstract

The presence of events caused by climate changing hit communities in Asia such as declining agricultural production and sea level rise at coastal area(Peng et al, 2004 in IPCC The Third Assessment Report). This phenomenon occurs at Jakarta's coastal area that is manifested in damaging 5 year-flood. This study aims to look the process how two different types and strata of neighbouring communities deal with flood. It happened in coastal communities at Muara Baru which is slum area and Kawasan Pluit which is dominated elite housing. As one developed coastal ecosystem, limitation access to integrated management of flooding becomes problem. Community’s adaptation strategies are emerged to find out as an integrative solution to build resilience. Dynes (2002) also stated collective ability (in this case at coastal area) could as the potential strengths for community to keep away their activity and area residential from disasters. This study uses qualitative methods that are explorative and comparative between sites through in-depth interviews and observations. The results obtained different adaptation strategies from two types neighbouring communities although they live at the same ecosystem. It identify by 3 factors consists: perceptions, ways of life and adaptation behaviours based on disaster cycle (pre, during, after). Therefore, the recommendation stated that the implementation of flood management can not be made uniform, it must adjust with local community's character.



Author Information
Irene Sondang Fitrinitia, University of Indonesia, Indonesia

Paper Information
Conference: ACSEE2015
Stream: Environmental Sustainability and Environmental Management: Land Use and Misuse

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