Job Stress and Occupational Burnout among Police Personnel: Moderating Roles of Gender and Marital Status

Abstract

Concern about health of police personnel has dominated the focus of research in recent time. Previous studies on occupational burnout among police personnel did not pay enough attention to how gender and marital status may influence the connection between job stress and occupational burnout, especially in Nigeria; where cultural beliefs direct gender and marital issues in relation to work. This study, therefore, investigated the extent to which gender and marital status moderate the relationship between job stress and occupational burnout. Participants were 213 police personnel (male = 120; female = 93) selected from 10 urban and 10 semi-urban police divisions in Nigeria. Their ages ranged between 20 and 64 years (Mean age=38.15 years; SD =10.0). Results revealed that job stress significantly predicted occupational burnout such that increase in job stress led to increase in the level of occupational burnout (β =.37, p < .001). Gender moderated the effect of job stress on occupational burnout in such a way that job stress tended to result in higher level of occupational burnout in female than in male police personnel [∆R2 = .002, F (1, 212) = 13.76, p < .001]. Similarly, marital status moderated the relationship between job stress and occupational burnout; such that police personnel who were married tended to report higher level of occupational burnout in the presence of job stress than those who were single [∆R2 = .02, F (1, 212) = 12.82, p < .001]. Implications for gender sensitivity and family supportiveness were discussed.



Author Information
Bolanle Ogungbamila, Adekunle Ajasin University, Nigeria
Ibukun Fajemirokun, Adekunle Ajasin University, Nigeria

Paper Information
Conference: ECP2015
Stream: Mental Health

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