The Influence of Gender Role Ideologies in Women’s Careers: A look at Marianismo and Machismo in the Treatment Room


Global statistics document an increase in women’s careers in the professions and portray successful female roles in the industrial, political and financial areas, with some variation in different regions of the world. Nonetheless, women hold only a small percentage of board seats and other influential positions in these areas worldwide. It is also known that presently, women see themselves as progressive and career oriented, but share experiences in the treatment room of the mental health professional that evidence a great deal of discomfort in achieving successful careers that is free of self stigma and guilt. One perspective in the understanding of this paradox lies with an appreciation of the gender role ideologies of marianismo and machismo, which socialize women and men differently across cultures. Gender role expectations have not completely disappeared from women’s experiences in their day to day careers interactions, and are not confined to members of traditional societies. When marianismo and machismo are not understood within the proper context, women’s overall wellbeing and successful career outcome can be affected. This paper will illustrate manifestations in the treatment rooms of mental health providers that contribute to these differences.

Author Information
Carmen Inoa Vazquez, NYU School of Medicine, USA

Paper Information
Conference: ACCS2015
Stream: Gender studies / Feminist Theory

This paper is part of the ACCS2015 Conference Proceedings (View)
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon