The Social Dynamics of Pilgrimage in “Emak Ingin Naik Haji”


Faith of belief in any religion causes a strong desire or is referred to as determination. This phenomenon is stated in the movie “Emak Ingin Naik Naji” (“Emak Wants Pilgrimage”). This movie tells a story about an old woman called 'Emak' who is socially within the category of the poor but she has determination to perform the fifth pillar of her Islamic belief. Emak’s determination is expressed through a variety of pious events, and sincerity to help the people in need. Through various social struggles of life in a capitalist society, the gap between the rich and the poor, social class differences in everyday reality as a social critique, the faith and determination of this main character remains strong in the hope of performing the pilgrimage. At the end of the story, Emak successfully fulfills the noble task in her belief, that is the pilgrimage, despite her economic and social conditions. It is this event which is focused to be a model for the audience in living as a religious person both in vertical and horizontal relationships. The approach used in this analysis is the sociological approach, based on Alan Swingewood’s theory, which states that as well as literature, film as a work of fiction is a reflection of people's lives of a time. Thus, the objectives to be achieved through this paper are to reveal the social problems in connection with the pilgrimage, and the true meaning of the pilgrimage itself which is expressed through the main character Emak.

Author Information
Marisa Rianti Sutanto, Maranatha Christian University, Indonesia

Paper Information
Conference: ACAH2015
Stream: Humanities - Media

This paper is part of the ACAH2015 Conference Proceedings (View)
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon