Sustainable Urban Transportation with Demand Management Methods: A Case Study for Istanbul

Abstract

Increasing population in urban areas necessitates increasing levels, mix and modes of transportation, roads, land use, which all lead to pollutions and waste of all sorts. Usually longer, wider and larger urban and interurban roads for motorized vehicles lead to further increases in number of cars with fewer, usually single, people in them, forming an unavoidable basis of an unsustainable society and mobility. In order to achieve sustainable cities and economies, in addition to smart use of land, intelligent transportation systems, clean and green vehicles, it is vital to achieve social behavioral change for shifting our modes of mobility from motorized means to cleaner, greener, healthier and more economic means such as walking, cycling, and public transportation. Economic, environmental, and social concerns about growth of traffic and congestion have caused several mega cities in the world and academics towards the investigations and introduction of different policies and measures in urban areas. Among many policy options, Travel Demand Management (TDM) policies mainly aim to promote the sustainable modes and increase an effective use of existing infrastructure by voluntarily controlling the demand. With such circumstances, the objectives of this study are as follows: (1) review existing academic, industry, governmental and non-governmental literature to examine and understand various sustainable society, sustainable development, sustainable mobility concepts, mechanisms and policies developed and tested in other parts of the world; (2) establish a framework of social behavioral change policies particularly developed and tested for urban mobility and traffic; (3) compare various mega cities on different indicators to better understand the case of Istanbul; (4) evaluate potentials of TDM policies in Istanbul as well



Author Information
Irfan Batur, Ist Sehir University, Turkey
Muammer Koc, HBKU, Education City, Qatar

Paper Information
Conference: ACSEE2015
Stream: Social Sustainability and Sustainable Living

This paper is part of the ACSEE2015 Conference Proceedings (View)
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Posted by amp21