Barriers to E-Learning in Higher Education Systems in Iran


Introduction: In recent years, use of technology in learning environments has become a serious necessity so that most universities in Iran are now somehow enjoying the benefits of e-learning systems. Sometimes, however, there are limitations that reduce the effectiveness of such systems. Methods: The statistical population of this descriptive survey (field) study include all postgraduate students of Islamic Azad University, Tehran Medical Sciences Branch. Using random sampling, 200 individuals were selected as the sample group. A researcher-made questionnaire was used to collect data, whose validity and reliability were confirmed using exploratory factor analysis and Cronbach’s alpha. The one-sample t-test and the Friedman test were used to analyze data and prioritize components, respectively. Results: After data analysis, 6 components were identified as the most important barriers to e-learning at Tehran Islamic Azad University of Medical Sciences. The most important components are as follows: 1- Lack of adequate software and hardware facilities. 2- Low speed and numerous problems during implementation of educational process. 3- Lack of training courses for students. 4- Students’ inability to search and obtain information from the Internet. 5- Experienced teachers’ unwillingness to apply e-learning. 6- Lack of clear instructions and rules in this regard. Discussion: E-learning plays a significant role in students’ educational success so that nowadays, very few classes deprived of use of technology can be found. However, the effectiveness of e-learning method has been questioned. Therefore, necessary infrastructure must be provided in order to achieve better results.

Author Information
Golnoosh Mirsaidi, Islamic Azad University, Iran
Samaneh Parcheh Bafieh, Islamic Azad University, Iran
Hadi Barati, Allameh Tabatabaei Univerisity, Iran

Paper Information
Conference: IICE2015
Stream: Digital technologies and communications

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