Policy-Making Process of Higher Education and Vocational Training in the EU

Abstract

This paper studies the policy-making process of higher education and vocational training in the EU from the viewpoint of norms and legalization. The legal system of the EU is characterized by binding hard law as the legislation and non-binding soft law as the norm. In the field of international relations, the concept of the norm is defined, by Finnemore and Sikkink, as a standard of appropriate behavior for actors with a given identity. Despite that education policy-making of the EU cannot be separated from the norm and legalization, such a research is few except for Kleibrink�fs work. Organization of this paper is twofold. The first part is analysis of the norm life cycle and evaluation of the legalization level for the policy of higher education and vocational training during the era from the ECSC to the present day. This paper obtained a result that the norm life cycle composed of norm emergency, norm cascade and norm internalization is found in the education policy-making process of the EU. This paper also evaluated degree of legalization dimensions in the education policy, obligation, precision and delegation, considering property of the EU secondary legislation. The second part is scrutiny of the single institutional framework which guarantees consistency and continuity of the education policies. This paper concludes that the single institutional framework supports the norm life cycle of the policy-making process of the education in the EU.



Author Information
Yoshihiro Nagata, Nagoya University, Japan

Paper Information
Conference: ACE2014
Stream: Education and social and political movements

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