Human Right to Water: Public Policy and Guarantee Adequate Food in Brazil

Abstract

The study addresses the human right to water, taking it as an essential component of adequate food, given that the lack of access to clean water reaches more than 1.4 billion people worldwide, according to the United Nations (UN), of which 36 million only in Latin America, according to the World Bank, in 2014 . In Brazil, although it is provided implicitly in several positive rights, such are the right to life, to food and through balanced environment, the right of access to clean water is worrying. Although it owns 60% of the Amazon basin, where runoff is one-fifth the volume of freshwater in the world, over 55 % of Brazilian municipalities may have deficits in water supply next year, according to the National Water Agency (ANA), what has been happening in recent years so frequently in big cities like São Paulo. This study aims to further evaluate the treatment given by the Brazilian government to guarantee access to water as a means of providing food security to the people of lower income. To achieve this goal, will seek to discuss the adequate food while social right already provided in the Brazilian constitution since the year 2010, having the water like a essential component for adequate food and guaranteed access to that right under the policies government of the Brazilian state.



Author Information
Maria Goretti Dal Bosco, Federal Fluminense University - Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
João Vitor Martins Lemes, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Brazil

Paper Information
Conference: NACSEE2014
Stream: Environmental Sustainability and Human Consumption: Food and Water

This paper is part of the NACSEE2014 Conference Proceedings (View)
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Posted by amp21