The War 2003 Aftermath Post Traumatic Growth Among Iraqi Students

Abstract

Background: Iraqi society has suffered from several wars and violence over three decades, the worst is after 2003. Post traumatic growth has not been received attention. There is a clear gap in understanding the nature of PTG in Iraq. Aims of study: a) examine the factor structure of the PTGI in a sample of Iraqi university, b) investigate existence of PTG among Iraqi students who are exposed to traumatic events after the war 2003, c) to explore the factors of PTGI-I Iraqi translated version among Iraqi students who are exposed to traumatic events, d) to identify the difference of PTG between genders. Method: The research sample consisted of 450 students who were exposed to traumatic events from University of Baghdad in the academic year 2013-2014. Completed the Baghdad Trauma History Screen (BTHS), an Arabic version of Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI). Results: The principal components analysis revealed presence of two factors, factor 1 consists of 11 items, with α = .83, factor 2 consists of 10 items with α =.78. There is significant existence of PTG among Iraqi students who are exposed to traumatic events. the factor one of PTG is significant than factor two. There is no significant difference between genders in terms of PTG. The most important contribution of this current study is people who experienced traumatic events could develop new and positive skills regardless the culture. This study also provided an Arabic version of PTG and this will increase the chances to conduct more studies in this field.



Author Information
Haider Kamil Mahdi, University Science Malaysia, Malaysia
Shahabuddin Bin Hashim, University Science Malaysia, Malaysia
Saad Sabet Jaber, Psychological Research Center, Iraq

Paper Information
Conference: ECP2014
Stream: Mental Health

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