MODELS OF EUROPEAN INTEGRATION: ENLARGEMENT OR NEIGHBOURHOOD The European Union is set up with the purpose of ending the wars between neighbours, which culminated in the Second World War. Because of the political and economic situations, the six founders have decided to expand the community. At the begining, there were only two important point to become a member: the former is to have territories on European continent, the latter is to be a democratic government. The increasing number of states that want to be a part of the European Union caused the formation of some new accession criteria which is called Copenhagen Criteria. A successful integration of non-member states is vital to strengthen freedom, security and justice in Europe. In the post-cold war period, the enlargement of the European Union was one of the most important and difficult challenges. In recent years, the European Neighbourhood Policy has become a favourite topic for European Union. Indeed, this new policy framework begins to demonstrate EU’s role as an international actor in its geographical vicinity. In this study, the process of enlargement and European Neighbourhood Policy will be examined by considering the European Integration Models. It will be discussed which one of them is more advantageous for security, freedom, identy, justice and border control.
Mehlika Özlem Ultan, Kocaeli University, Turkey
Serdar Örnek, Kocaeli University, Turkey
Stream: International Relations & Human Rights
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